Paddy(Oryza sativa) cultivation is the most important agricultural operation in the country, not only in terms of food security but also in terms of livelihood. It plays a major part in the diet,economy, employment, culture and history of India.India is one of the world's largest producers of rice and brown rice, accounting for 20% of all world rice production, It grows in almost all states in India (West bengal, Uttar pradesh,Punjab, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh,Tamilnadu & Chhattisgarh are the major states). It is a tropical plant, it flourishes comfortably in hot and humid climate. It is mainly grown in rain fed areas that receive heavy annual rainfall. That is why it is fundamentally a kharif crop in India. It is also grown through irrigation in those areas that receives comparatively less rainfall.
Problems faced by farmers
Weeds, Insectes & Diseases causes harms to the crop and farmers lose an estimated average of 37% of their rice crop due to pests & diseases every year. In addition to good crop management, timely and accurate diagnosis of these pest & diseases and proper chemical management can significantly reduce these losses.