Onion (Allium cepa L.), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.India is the second largest onion growing country in the world. Indian onions are famous for their pungency and are available round the year.It is hardy a cool-season biennial but usually grown as annual crop. Onion has narrow, hollow leaves and a base which enlarges to form a bulb. The bulb can be white, yellow or red and require 80 to 150 days to reach harvest.Onion is a temperate crop but can be grown under a wide range of climatic conditions such as temperate, tropical and subtropical climate.
Problems faced by farmers
There are many problems faced during onion production in which losses caused by pest and disease is the major one and Farmers are also having less technical knowlegde. Along with that losses due to improper storage facility will also Effect the Quality of the produce.